Ruling on using AI (Chat GPT 3) for school work

QuestionsCategory: Halal/HaramRuling on using AI (Chat GPT 3) for school work
Anonymous asked 2 months ago

Asa,
Would it be permissible to use Open AI softwares like the Chat GPT 3 technology to write school essays for oneself? Would it be more acceptable to do so just for inspiration and research purposes?

1 Answers
Mufti Wahaaj Staff answered 2 months ago

بسم الله الرحمٰن الرحيم

الجواب حامداً ومصلياً

As-salāmu ʿalaykum wa-raḥmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

A famous maxim in fiqh is that “that which is customarily practiced is tantamount to a stipulated agreement.”[1] In school, the expectation is that a student will do their own work. It is not acceptable to have anyone other than the student complete the assignment – even if that “someone” is AI software. The purpose of an assignment is for a student to demonstrate their ability and understanding of the subject and, on that basis, earn a score that reflects their level of mastery.

Having AI compose an essay does not reflect any understanding of the subject. Rather, by presenting the essay as one’s own original work, it is actually a form of deception, which is a great sin. Rasūlullāh ﷺ has said that the one who deceives is not from us (the Muslims).[2]

However, it would be permissible to use AI for ideas and research purposes provided that the resources are properly cited.

والله تعالى أعلم وعلمه أتم وبه التوفيق
And Allāh Taʿālā Knows Best

Muftī Mohammed Wahaajuddin bin Salauddin
(May Allāh forgive him and his parents)

Concurred by Muftī Qasim Abdullah حفظه الله

[1]

الأشباه والنظائر، ص٨٥، دار الكتب العلمية

الْمَعْرُوفُ كَالْمَشْرُوطِ، فَعَلَى الْمُفْتَى بِهِ صَارَتْ عَادَتُهُ كَالْمَشْرُوطِ صَرِيحًا

[2]

صحيح مسلم، كتاب الايمان، باب قول النبي ﷺ، من غشنا فليس منا، #102

وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ، وَابْنُ، حُجْرٍ جَمِيعًا عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ، – قَالَ ابْنُ أَيُّوبَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، – قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي الْعَلاَءُ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ،‏ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَرَّ عَلَى صُبْرَةِ طَعَامٍ فَأَدْخَلَ يَدَهُ فِيهَا فَنَالَتْ أَصَابِعُهُ بَلَلاً فَقَالَ: مَا هَذَا يَا صَاحِبَ الطَّعَامِ؟‏ ‏قَالَ أَصَابَتْهُ السَّمَاءُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ:‏ أَفَلاَ جَعَلْتَهُ فَوْقَ الطَّعَامِ كَىْ يَرَاهُ النَّاسُ مَنْ غَشَّ فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي.

سنن أبي داود، كتاب الاجارة، باب النهي عن الغش، #3452

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَرَّ بِرَجُلٍ يَبِيعُ طَعَامًا فَسَأَلَهُ:‏كَيْفَ تَبِيعُ؟‏ ‏.‏ فَأَخْبَرَهُ فَأُوحِيَ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ أَدْخِلْ يَدَكَ فِيهِ فَأَدْخَلَ يَدَهُ فِيهِ فَإِذَا هُوَ مَبْلُولٌ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ:‏ لَيْسَ مِنَّا مَنْ غَشَّ.